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Causes of Hearing Loss

If you have a hearing loss, you may wonder what caused it. It is often not possible to determine the cause with high certainty. Your history and the results of your hearing evaluation will help provide information. This can guide your hearing care professional to better understand factors that may have led to your current hearing condition.

The most common causes of sensorineural hearing loss:

  • Aging (presbycusis)
  • Exposure to loud noise (such as loud music, occupational noise, lawnmowers, gunfire)
  • Head trauma
  • Virus or disease
  • Autoimmune inner ear disease
  • Hearing loss that runs in the family
  • Malformation of the inner ear
  • Meniere‚Äôs Disease
  • Ototoxic Medications
  • Tumors

The most common causes of conductive hearing loss:

  • Malformation of outer ear, ear canal, or middle ear structures
  • Ear infection (otitis media – an infection of the middle ear in which an accumulation of fluid may interfere with the movement of the eardrum and ossicles)
  • Allergies
  • Poor Eustachian tube function
  • Perforated eardrum
  • Benign tumors
  • Impacted earwax
  • Infection in the ear canal
  • Foreign body in the ear
  • Otosclerosis
  • Damaged or defective middle ear bones

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